What did High priests wear in the Bible?

In the Bible, the High Priest was the chief religious leader of the Israelites. They were responsible for leading the worship services in the Temple and performing sacrifices on behalf of the people. Part of their role involved wearing special garments that were designed to signify their role and importance.

The High Priest's clothing was designed to be both functional and symbolic. The garments were made of fine linen and were adorned with precious stones, gold, and other precious materials. The clothing was also designed to be worn in layers, with each layer representing a different aspect of the High Priest's role.

The first layer was the linen tunic, which was worn next to the skin. This tunic was white and symbolized purity. The second layer was the ephod, which was a vest-like garment made of blue, purple, and scarlet yarn. The ephod had shoulder straps that were held together by two onyx stones, each engraved with the names of the twelve tribes of Israel.

The third layer was the breastplate, which was worn over the ephod. The breastplate was also made of the same materials as the ephod and had twelve precious stones, each representing one of the twelve tribes of Israel. The breastplate was also fastened to the ephod with gold chains.

The fourth layer was the robe, which was a blue garment with pomegranates and gold bells around the hem. The bells were said to announce the High Priest's arrival in the Holy of Holies and serve as a reminder of the importance of the role.

Finally, the High Priest wore a turban made of fine linen and a gold plate on the forehead, which was engraved with the words "Holy to the Lord."

Subscribe to Bible Analysis

Sign up now to get access to the library of members-only issues.
Jamie Larson